Paris proper
2 229 621 residents

Surface Area
105,4km² (Paris Proper)


Time Zone
GMT ( UTC+1 )

Paris agglomeration
10 516 110 residents

  • -300


The Gallic Parisii tribe settles in Ile de la Cite.

  • 52 BC J.-C.

Caesar & Lutetia

Julius Caesar’s troops seize the city, which becomes Gallo-Roman territory and takes the name Lutetia.

  • ~300


Lutetia becomes Paris.

  • 508

Paris Capital

Clovis makes Paris the capital of the Frankish kingdom.

  • 1163

Notre-Dame De Paris

Construction begins on the cathedral, which is completed 182 years later, in 1345.

  • 1257

La Sorbonne

The Sorbonne University opens its doors. Paris becomes a hub of European culture.

  • 1268

Fluctuat nec mergitur

The important guild of boatmen adopts the motto “Fluctuat nec mergitur” (“She is tossed by the waves but does not sink”), which later becomes the motto of Paris.

  • 1546

Louvre Palace

King François I launches the Louvre Palace.

  • 1682

Château de Versailles

King Louis XIV, the court, and the government leave the Louvre and Saint-Germain en Laye, and relocate to the Palace of Versailles.

  • 1789-1799

French Revolution

The storming of Bastille, on 14 July, marks the beginning of the French Revolution and the decline of the divine right of kings in France. 1792: Proclamation of the Republic. 1793: Execution of Louis XVI and Queen Marie-Antoinette at the Place de la Concorde.

  • 1804

Napoleon the First

Napoleon is crowned emperor at Notre-Dame de Paris by Pope Pius VII.

  • 1852-1870

Paris Haussmann

The Second Empire transforms the capital. Haussmann, the prefect, modernises and beautifies the city with major renovations.

  • 1889

The Eiffel Tower

Launch of the Eiffel Tower for the Universal Exposition.

  • 1900


Launch of the first Metro line.

  • 1940-1944

German occupancy

The Germans occupy Paris. The Liberation of Paris takes place in 1944, on 25 August.