12 506 468 residents

2 511 km²


Time Zone
GMT +3

  • 1147

Moscow is founded

Moscow is detailed in history books for the first time in 1147.

  • 1238

Batu Khan sets fire to Moscow

Beginning of the Tatar-Mongol dominion over Russia. Moscow pays tribute to the Khans in order to prevent the outbreak of war in Russia.

  • 1366

White-stone Kremlin

Construction of the white-stone Kremlin fortifications, headed by Metropolitan Alexy.

  • 1480

Khan Ahmat

Invasion of the ancient Rus by Khan Ahmat, who was greeted by the army of Grand Duke Ivan III from Moscow. The great stand on the Ugra river between the Russians and the Tatars ends in the troops dispersing without a fight. End of the Tatar-Mongol dominion over Russia.

  • 1547-1584

Ivan IV the Terrible

Reign of Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible (the Grand Duke since 1533).

  • 1598

Termination of the Rurik dynasty

The death of Tsar Feodor I Ivanovich, and the termination of the Rurik dynasty after seven centuries. For the first time, Zemsky Sobor representatives from across Russia elect the Tsar – Boris Godunov.

  • 1610-1612

War between Russia and Poland

War between Russia and Poland. Minin and Pozharsky liberate Moscow 4 November 1612.

  • 1662

Copper rebellion in Moscow

Uprising of the urban lower class against the tax increase during the Russo-Polish war of 1654-1667, and the 1654 release of the depreciating (compared to silver) copper coins.

  • 1713

Saint Petersburg - the capital

St. Petersburg replaces Moscow as the capital of Russia.

  • 1812

Napoleon in Moscow

Napoleon’s troops occupy the Kremlin In September. A parade of French troops on Red Square. The beginning of the Moscow fire series. Napoleon leaves Moscow and attempts to blow up the Kremlin on 11 October.

  • 1861

The abolition of serfdom in Russia

On Forgiveness Sunday before the Great Lent in the Assumption Cathedral, the manifesto of Emperor Alexander II on the abolition of serfdom in Russia is read aloud (the manifesto is read on the same day in all the churches in Moscow and St. Petersburg).

  • 1918

Moscow - the capital

Moscow becomes the capital of Russia once again.

  • 1941

The counteroffensive action near Moscow

5-6 December – Beginning of the counteroffensive action of Soviet troops near Moscow. Rout of the German troops near Moscow.

  • 1945

Victory Parade

24 June – Victory Parade of the Great Patriotic War on Red Square.

  • 1980

Olympic Games

Moscow hosts the XXII Summer Olympic Games.

  • 1991

Mikhail S. Gorbachev, resigns

The first and last president of the USSR, Mikhail S. Gorbachev, resigns. Over the Kremlin, the red flags are lowered and the pre-revolutionary tricolor Russian flag is raised again.