Milan
History

Population
1 359 905

Area
181,76 km2

Language
Italian

City Saint Day
7 December Sant'Ambrogio

Time zone
CET (UTC +1)

  • -650

Foundation


Milan was founded by the Celts from the culture of Golasecca.

  • -222

Mediolanum


The Romans conquered the settlement and renamed it Mediolanum.

  • 286

Capital of the empire


Milan was declared the capital of the Western Roman Empire by Emperor Diocletian in 286 AD.

  • 313

Freedom of religion


The Edict of Milan – an agreement to treat Christians benevolently within the Roman Empire. It gave Christianity a legal status, but did not make it the official religion of the Roman Empire.

  • 11

Free commune


The city evolves into a free commune extending its influence over most of Lombardy.

  • 1277

House of Visconti


The Visconti family ruled Milan for 170 years, from 1277 to 1447. Gian Galeazzo Visconti created the Duchy of Milan as a state of the Holy Roman Empire on 1 May 1395.

  • 1386

Duomo and Castello


The construction of Milan’s Duomo and Castello (Sforzesco) started in 1386.

  • 1450

House of Sforza and Italian renaissance


Milan was conquered by Francesco Sforza in 1450. The following period of rapid growth made Milan the biggest and richest city in Italy. The Sforza family’s rule transformed Milan into one of the leading cities of the Italian Renaissance.

  • 1630

Great Plague of Milan


The Great Plague of Milan killed an estimated 60,000 people out of a population of 130,000.

  • 1796

Napoleon


Napoleon declared Milan the capital of the Cisalpine Republic, and later the capital of the Kingdom of Italy. Austria regained control of the city in 1815, at the end of Napoleon’s occupation.

  • 1848

The Five Days of Milan


Major event of the Revolutionary Year started on 18 March 1848. Five days street fighting forced Austrians to retain Milan city.

  • 1919

Mussolini


Benito Mussolini founded the Italian Fighting Fascists on 23 March 1919 in Piazza San Sepolcro.

  • 1980

Fashion Capital


The international success of such Milanese houses as Armani, Versace and Dolce & Gabbana made Milan one of the world’s fashion capitals.

  • 2015

EXPO Milan


Expo 2015 – a universal exposition hosted by Milan encouraged development of infrastructure and turned Milan into modern and business-oriented city.